Endangered Species Recovery Program

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Recovery Plan for Upland Species of the San Joaquin Valley, California
Contents . Introduction . Species accounts . Recovery . Stepdown . Implementation . References . Appendix

VI. References

A. References Cited

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Wilken, D.H., R.R. Halse, and R.W. Patterson. 1993. Phacelia. Pp. 691-706, in The Jepson manual: higher plants of California (J.C. Hickman, ed.). Univ. California Press, Berkeley, 1400 pp.

Williams, D.F. 1980. Distribution and population status of the San Joaquin antelope squirrel and giant kangaroo rat. California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, Nongame Wildl. Invest., Final Rep. E-W-R, IV-10.0 48 pp.

Williams, D.F. 1985. A review of the population status of the Tipton kangaroo rat, Dipodomys nitratoides nitratoides. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, Endangered Species Office, CA, Final Rep., 44 pp.

----. 1986. Mammalian species of special concern in California. California Dept. Fish and Game, Wildl. Manage. Div., Admin. Report 86-1:1-112.

----. 1987. Fresno kangaroo rat workbook. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, 29 pp.

----. 1988. Ecology and management of the riparian brush rabbit in Caswell Memorial State Park. California Dept. Parks and Recreation, Lodi, Final Rep. Interagency Agreement 4-305-6108, 38 pp.

----. 1990. Assessment of potential habitat for the blunt-nosed leopard lizard and San Joaquin kit fox in western Madera County, California. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Endangered Species Office, Sacramento, CA, 31 pp.

----. 1991. Habitats of shrews (genus Sorex) in forest communities of the western Sierra Nevada, California. Pp. 1-14, in The biology of the Soricidae (J.S. Findley and T.L. Yates, eds.). Mus. Southwestern Biol. Spec. Publ. 1:1-91.

----. 1992. Geographic distribution and population status of the giant kangaroo rat, Dipodomys ingens (Rodentia, Heteromyidae). Pp. 301-328, in Endangered and sensitive species of the San Joaquin Valley, California (D.F. Williams, S. Byrne, and T.A. Rado, eds.). California Energy Commission, Sacramento, 388 pp.

----. 1993. Population censuses of riparian brush rabbits and riparian woodrats at Caswell Memorial State Park during January 1993. California Dept. Parks and Recreation, Lodi, Final Rep., 15 pp.

Williams, D.F., and G.E. Basey. 1986. Population status of the riparian brush rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani riparius). California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, Wildlife Management Division, Nongame Bird and Mammal Section Rep., 21 pp.

Williams, D.F., and D.J. Germano. 1991. Effects of livestock grazing on endangered species at Pixley National Wildlife Refuge, Tulare County, California. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Kern National Wildl. Refuge, Delano, CA, Order No. 10181-11764(BW), 33 pp.

----. 1993. Recovery of endangered kangaroo rats in the San Joaquin Valley, California. 1992 Trans. West. Sec. Wildl. Soc. 28:93-106.

Williams, D.F., and K.S. Kilburn. 1984. Sensitive, threatened, and endangered mammals of riparian and other wetland communities in California. Pp. 950-956, in California riparian systems ecology, conservation, and productive management (R.E. Warner and K.M. Hendrix, eds.). Univ. California Press, Berkeley, 1035 pp.

----. 1991. Dipodomys ingens. Mammal. Species 377:1-7.

----. 1992. The conservation status of the endemic mammals of the San Joaquin Faunal Region, California. Pp. 329-348, in Endangered and sensitive species of the San Joaquin Valley, California (D.F. Williams, S. Byrne, and T.A. Rado, eds.). California Energy Commission, Sacramento, 388 pp.

Williams, D.F., and S. Nelson. In press. Population studies of giant kangaroo rats on the Carrizo Plain Natural Area, San Luis Obispo County, California. California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, Bird and Mammal Conserv. Rep.

Williams, D.F., and W. Tordoff III. 1988. Operations and maintenance schedule: Elkhorn Plain Ecological Reserve, San Luis Obispo County, California. California Dept. Fish and Game, Nongame-Heritage Program, Sacramento, CA, Final Rep. 71 pp.

Williams, D.F., M.K. Davis, and L.P. Hamilton. 1995. Distribution, population size, and habitat features of giant kangaroo rats in the northern segment of their geographic range. California Dept. Fish and Game, Bird and Mammal Conservation Program, Rep. 95-01, 38 pp.

Williams, D.F., H.H. Genoways, and J.K. Braun. 1993a. Taxonomy. Pp. 38-196, in Biology of the Heteromyidae (H.H. Genoways and J.H. Brown, eds.). Amer. Soc. Mammal. Spec. Publ. 10:1-719.

Williams, D.F., D.J. Germano, and W. Tordoff III. 1993b. Population studies of endangered kangaroo rats and blunt-nosed leopard lizards in the Carrizo Plain Natural Area, California. California Dept. Fish and Game, Nongame Bird and Mammal Sec., Rep. 93-01:1-114.

Williams, D.F., W. Tordoff III, and J.H. Harris. 1988. San Joaquin antelope squirrel (Ammospermophilus nelsoni) study - 1988. Final Rep. FG-7398, Endangered Wildl. Prog., California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, 62 pp.

Williams, D.F., J. Verner, H.F. Sakai, and J.R. Waters. 1992. General biology of major prey species of the California spotted owl. Pp. 207-221, in The California spotted owl: a technical assessment of its current status (J. Verner, et al., eds.). U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-133:1-285.

Wolf, C.B. 1938. California plant notes: II. Occas. Papers Rancho Santa Ana Bot. Garden Series 1(2):44-90.

Yaffee, S.L, A.F. Phillips, I.C. Frentz, P.W. Hardy, S.M. Maleki, and B.E. Thorpe. 1996. Ecosystem management in the United States: an assessment of current experience. University of Michigan and the Wilderness Society. Island Press, Washington, DC, 352pp.

Zoellick, B.W., T.P. O'Farrell, P.M. McCue, C.E. Harris, and T.T. Kato. 1987a. Reproduction of the San Joaquin kit fox on Naval Petroleum Reserve #1, Elk Hills, California, 1980-1985. Rep. No. EGG 10282-2144, EG&G Energy Measurements, Goleta, CA, 42 pp.

Zoellick, B.W., T.P. O'Farrell, and T.T. Kato. 1987b. Movements and home range of San Joaquin kit foxes on the Naval Petroleum Reserves, Kern County, California. Rep. No. EGG 10282-2184, EG&G Energy Measurements, Goleta, CA, 38 pp.

Zuni drawing of a beetle

B. Personal Communications

Allen, J., Wildlife Biologist, Kern National Wildlife Refuge, Kern Co., CA.

Anderson, R.L., California Energy Commission, Bakersfield, CA.

Berry, W., Cal Poly University, San Luis Obispo, located at Camp Roberts.

Brode, J., California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.

Brown, K., Environmental Specialist, Calif. Dept. Water Resources, Bakersfield, CA.

Carter, S., Botanist, U.S. Bureau Land Management, Caliente Resource Area, Bakersfield, CA.

Clendenen, D., Manager, Wind Wolves Preserve, Maricopa, CA.

Collins, P., Curator, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, CA.

Cypher, B.L., Program Manager, Enterprise Advisory Services, Inc., Endangered Species and Cultural Resources Program, Tupman, CA.

Delgado, B., Botanist, U.S. Bureau Land Management, Hollister Resource Area, Hollister, CA.

Dyer, D., Manager, U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Plant Materials Center, Lockeford, CA.

Fabion, R., Bureau of Reclamation, Fresno, CA

Fitton, S., Biologist, U.S. Bureau Land Management, Hollister Resource Area, Hollister, CA.

Foote, H.L., Div. Plant Industry, Control and Eradication, California Dept. Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA.

Freas, K., Senior Ecologist, CH2M Hill, Sacramento, CA.

Germano, D.J., Research Associate, Dept. of Biology, California State University, Bakersfield, CA.

Getz, V., Biological Consultant, Jones and Stokes, Sacramento, CA.

Gustafson, J., Wildlife Biologist, Bird and Mammal Conservation Program, California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.

Hinshaw, G., Preserve Manager, Center for Natural Lands Management, Bakersfield, CA.

Hinshaw, J., Scientist III, Enterprise Advisory Services, Inc., Endangered Species and Cultural Resources Program, Tupman, CA.

Holtsford, T., Assistant Professor, Div. Biological Sciences, Univ. Missouri, Columbia.

Howald, A., Plant Ecologist, California Dept. Fish and Game, Yountville.

James, T., Director, Kern County Planning Dept., Bakersfield, CA.

Johnson, M., California Living Museum, Bakersfield, CA.

Juarez, S., Wildlife Biologist, California Dept. Water Resources, Visalia, CA.

Kato, T., Environmental Protection Division, Lawerence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, CA.

Lewis, R., Ecologist, U.S. Bureau Land Management, Caliente Resource Area, Bakersfield, CA.

Maldonado, J., Biologist, Dept. Biology, Univ. California, Los Angeles.

Marovich, R.A., Pesticide Registration Branch, California Dept. Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA.

Mensik, G., Supervisory Wildlife Biologist, Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Willows, CA.

Mitchell, D., Consulting Biologist, Bakersfield, CA.

Morefield, J., Botanist, Nevada Natural Heritage Program, Carson City.

Murphy, T.D., Dept. Biology, California State University, Bakersfield, CA.

Patton, J. L., Curator of Mammals, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Univ. California, Berkeley.

Potter, M., California Dept. of Fish and Game, Fresno, CA.

Presley, G., California Dept. of Fish and Game, Fresno, CA.

Rado, T.A., Biological Consultant, Riverside, CA.

Ralls, K., Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC.

Rathbun, G., Ecologist, U.S. Geological Survey Biological Resources Division, San Simeon, CA.

Reed, R., Anadromous Habitat Restoration Coordinator, California Dept. of Fish and Game, Fresno, CA.

Schlorff, R., Wildlife Biologist, Bird and Mammal Conservation Program, California Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.

Shelton, J., Wildlife Biologist, California Dept. Water Resources, Fresno, CA.

Sheppard, J.M., 3359 Cranberry South, Laurel, MD 20724-2419

Single, J., Wildlife Biologist, Caifornia Dept. Fish and Game, Fresno, CA.

Sleeper, E.L., Dept. Biology, California State Univ., Long Beach.

Spiegel, L.K., California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA.

Tabor, S., Biological Consultant, Bio Environmental Associates, Bakersfield, CA.

Taylor, D., Senior Botanist, BioSystems Analysis, Inc., Santa Cruz, CA.

Tollefson, R., Preserve Manager, The Nature Conservancy, Kern River Preserve, Kern County, CA.

Van de Hoek, R., Graduate student, California State Univ., Northridge.

Vanderbilt-White, C.A., Doctoral Student, Univ. California, Davis.

White, P.J., Cal Poly Research Biologist, Camp Roberts Endangered Species Study Group, San Luis Obispo, CA.

Wilson, S., Botanist, QUAD Consultants, Bakersfield, CA.

Yoerg, S., Dept. of Psychology, Univ. California, Berkeley.

York, D., Biologist, Caltrans, Fresno, CA

Zikratch, T., Office of Tulare County Agricultural Commissioner, County Civic Center, Visalia, CA.

C. In Litt. References

Beehler, R. 1994. Letter from Area Manager, Bureau Land Management, Hollister Resource Area, Hollister, CA to Ellen Cypher, Research Ecologist, San Joaquin Valley Endangered Species Recovery Planning Program, Bakersfield, CA., 2 pp.

Bowen, C. 1987. Letter to Jim Bartel, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA, 8 pp.

California Department of Fish and Game. 1984. Management plan - Alkali Sink Ecological Reserve, revised September, 1984. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Endangered Species Office, Sacramento, CA, Preliminary draft.

----. 1996. Framework for maintaining the San Joaquin kit fox in the northern segment of its range. Unpubl. Report and map.

----. 1998. Comment letter on Draft Recovery Plan for Upland Species of San Joaquin Valley, CA.

California Department of Food and Agriculture. 1998. Comment letter on Draft Recovery Plan for Upland Species of San Joaquin Valley, CA.

California Department of Water Resources. 1997. Tulare Basin resource assessment--preliminary report. Memorandum Report. San Joaquin District, Fresno.

California Natural Diversity Data Base. 1997. Rarefind II (electronic form). California Dept. of Fish and Game, Sacramento, not paginated.

Clark, C. 1979. Interdepartmental memorandum, Univ. California, Davis, 1 p.

Doran, K. 1993. Map of grazing regimes on the Carrizo Plain Natural Area. Bureau Land Management, Caliente Resource Area, Bakersfield, CA, 1p.

Engler, J.D. 1994. Report of activities--Status of the Buena Vista Lake shrew at Kern National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Kern National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Kern Co., CA.

Germano, D.J. 1992. 1991 population surveys of protected vertebrate species at Tule Elk State Reserve, Kern County, California. California Dept. Parks and Recreation, Sacramento.

Hewett, R. 1987. Letter from Sand Ridge Preserve Manager, Weldon, CA., to James J. McKevitt, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA, 2 pp.

Le Fevre, M. 1976. 1976 leopard lizard census summary. U.S. Forest Service, Mt. Pinos Ranger District, Los Padres National Forest.

Lewis, R. 1993. California native species field survey form. Caulanthus californicus. Ca. Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, Unpublished forms, 20 pp.

----. 1994. California native species field survey form Lepidium jaredii. Ca. Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, Unpublished forms, 2 pp.

----. 1995. California native species field survey form. Eriogonum temblorense. Ca. Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, Unpublished forms, 12 pp,

Medlin, J.A. 1995a. Letter from Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA, to James Killen, U.S. Dept. Energy, Tupman, CA, 2 pp.

----. 1995b. Letter from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA, to D.C. Tristao, J.G. Boswell Co., Corcoran, CA, 2 pp.

Patton, J.L. 1994. Determining the distribution and status of the Fresno kangaroo rat: a proposal for meeting critical needs. U.S. Bureau Reclamation, Sacramento, CA, Unpubl. grant proposal, 16 pp.

San Joaquin Valley Biological Technical Committee. 1993. A biological framework for natural lands and endangered species in the southern San Joaquin Valley. May 1993 Draft, Bakersfield, CA, 51 pp.

Thorp, R.W. 1998. Comment letter on Draft Recovery Plan for Upland Species of San Joaquin Valley, CA.

Bureau of Land Management. 1994. Report on implementation during 1994 of USFWS' terms and conditions and conservation recommendations for livestock grazing in selected allotments in the Hollister Resource Area (as described in Biological Opinion 1-1-92-F-5) and request for informal section 7 consultation on proposed efforts for 1995. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA, Unpubl. Rep., 36 pp. + Maps.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1985. Blunt-nosed leopard lizard habitat protection - land protection plan. Region 1, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, OR.

----. 1991. Biological opinion for the Friant Division water contract renewals. Fish and Wildlife Enhancement, Sacramento Field Office, Sacramento, CA, 47 pp. + Appendices.

----. 1992a. Report on the status of Category 1 dune beetles. Unpubl. memorandum (Judy Jacobs), April 1, Sacramento Field Office, Sacramento, CA, 5 pp.

----. 1992b. Beetles from California and Nevada. Unpubl. Memorandum (Chris Nagano), April 17, 1992, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA. 6 pp.

----. 1993. Effects of 16 vertebrate control agents on threatened and endangered species. Biological Opinion, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, 172 pp.

----. 1995a. Biological opinion for interim renewal contract. 1995. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento, CA, 160 pp.

----. 1995b. A habitat conservation plan to encourage the voluntary restoration and enhancement of habitat for the red-cockaded woodpecker on private and certain other land in the Sandhills of North Carolina by providing "safe harbor" to participating landowners, 26 pp.

----. 1997a. Biological opinion for renewal of a five year pesticide use permit for use of malathion to control curly top virus. Sacramento Field Office, Sacramento, CA. 47 pp. + Appendices.

----. 1997b. Intra-Service section 7 consultation and conference on issuance of section 10(a)(1)(B) incidental take permits to Kern Water Bank Authority, for the development, operation, and maintenance of the Kern Water Bank, and the Kern Water Bank Conservation Bank, Kern County, California.

Williams, D.F. 1989. Letter to R. Schlorff, California Dep. Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA, 2 pp.

----. 1994. Draft scope of work--Population status and habitat associations of the Buena Vista Lake shrew. San Joaquin Valley Endangered Species Recovery Planning Program, Fresno, CA.

Williams, D.F., and P.A. Kelly. 1994a. Distribution and population status of the giant kangaroo rat: 1994-95. California Dept. Fish and Game, Bird and Mammal Conserv. Prog., Sacramento, Unpubl. Research Proposal, 7 pp.

----. 1994b. Habitat management for Fresno kangaroo rats at Lemoore Naval Air Station. Draft Scope of Work, Western Division Naval Facilities Engineering Command, U.S. Dept. Navy, San Bruno, CA, 6 pp.

----. 1994c. Distribution and population status of the Fresno kangaroo rat: 1994-95. California Dept. Fish and Game, Bird and Mammal Conserv. Prog., Sacramento,Unpubl. Grant Proposal, 8 pp.

Zuni drawing of a squirrel

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