Endangered Species Recovery Program

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Recovery Plan for Upland Species of the San Joaquin Valley, California
Contents . Introduction . Species accounts . Recovery . Stepdown . Implementation . References . Appendix

V. IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE

Priorities in the Implementation Schedule are arranged in two tiers. Priority numbers (column 1 of the schedule) are the priorities defined in section IV. Priority numbers are organized into tiers or levels of descending priority--that is, within a tier all tasks with the same priority number are of approximately equal priority, but Tier-1 tasks have higher priority than Tier-2 tasks, and so on within that priority rank. Where possible, tasks within a tier are ordered in descending priority, at least in the sense that one or more tasks may have to be started or completed before another task can be accomplished. Yet it should be apparent that no linear hierarchy can suitably express the complex interrelationships between tasks. To accomplish the goal of recovering the ecosystems of which they are parts, and consequently this suite of species, all tasks have to be successfully executed.

Some tasks likely will take considerable time to complete, and some are going to be much more difficult to accomplish because they involve more diverse interest groups. Tasks that are mostly or solely within the jurisdiction of governmental agencies are listed before other, similar tasks involving private entities because the former should be more easily accomplished at lower costs and will put the focus of recovery actions on public lands and agencies. Many of the research tasks are best combined into single research programs for both economy and timeliness, but are listed separately for purposes of costing.

Definition of task priorities:

++Priority 1
An action that must be taken to prevent extinction or prevent the species from declining irreversibly in the foreseeable future.
++Priority 2
An action that must be taken to prevent a significant decline in species population or habitat quality, or some other significant negative impact short of extinction.
++Priority 3
All other actions necessary to meet the recovery objectives.

Definition of task durations:

Continual
A task that will be implemented on a routine basis once begun.
Ongoing
A task that is currently being implemented and will continue until action is no longer necessary. Unknown--Either task duration or associated costs are not known at this time.

Key to Acronyms used in the Implementation Schedule

Responsible parties
BOR
Bureau of Reclamation
Caltrans
California Department of Transportation
CANG
California Army National Guard
CDFA
California Department of Food & Agriculture
CDFG
California Department of Fish & Game
CDPR
California Department of Parks & Recreation
CDWR
California Department of Water Resources
CEC
California Energy Commission
CEPA
California Environmental Protection Agency
COE
Army Corp of Engineers
CPNA
Carrizo Plain Natural Area
DOD
Department of Defense
DOE
Department of Energy
ER
Ecological Reserve
KWBA
Kern Water Bank Authority
KCWA
Kern County Water Agency
local
local government
NAS
Naval Air Station
NPRC
Naval Petroleum Reserves in California
NWR
National Wildlife Refuge
ROW
Right of way
TBD
To Be Determined
TNC
The Nature Conservancy
USBLM
Bureau of Land Management
USDA
Department of Agriculture
USFS
Forest Service
USFWS
Fish & Wildlife Service
USN
Navy

Implementation Schedule for Upland Species of the San Joaquin Valley, California. Task Numbers are those of Section IV. Within a Priority Tier, tasks are of approximately equal priority. Priority Numbers are the priorities defined in Section III.

Priority 1 Tier 1

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
112.1.1Protect and secure listed species habitat at Elk Hills and Buena Vista ValleyongoingDOE / USFWS / Occidental52110.5
112.1.4Protect natural lands on Valley floor and piedmont slopes of western Kern Co.ongoingCDFG / CDWR / USFWS / USBLM1.750.50.50.50.25This task is for administrative actions only; depends on 1.2.2
112.1.7Protect natural land in the Pixley NWR-Allensworth NA areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / localTBDPartly depends on 1.2.2
112.2.3Protect and restore riparian habitat for riparian brush rabbits and woodrats on Stanislaus River, particularly at Caswell State Park6 yearsCOE / USFWS / CDFG / CDPR81.51.51.51.5
112.2.6Expand, restore, and protect Fresno kangaroo rat habitat at Lemoore NASongoingUSN / USFWS101.33.522Includes management research, retirement of agricultural ground, and adaptive management
112.2.19Protect natural land and establish specialty reserve for Bakersfield cactus at Sand RidgeongoingUSFWS / CDFG / COE / TNC / localTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2; protection ongoing
114.43Conduct multiple research tasks for riparian species in San Joaquin and Stanislaus CountiesongoingUSFWS / CDFG / CDPRTBD0.30.30.30.3
114.54Conduct population genetics research on the riparian brush rabbit2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / CDPR / COE0.80.40.4Monitoring ongoing; census indefinitely
114.55Conduct population genetics research on the riparian woodrat2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / CDPR / COE0.80.40.4

Priority 1 Tier 2

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
122.1.12Protect, restore and enhance the Carrizo Plain Natural AreaongoingUSBLM / CDFG / TNC / private305555
122.1.14Protect natural lands in the Ciervo-Panoche Natural AreaongoingUSBLM / CDFG / private183333
122.1.15Protect and manage natural lands adaptively in the Kreyenhagen HillsongoingUSBLM / private20.50.50.50.2Depends partly on 1.2.2
122.1.17Protect and manage lands appropriately in the Kerman and Alkali Sink ERsongoingCDFG2.50.50.50.50.5Depends partly on 1.2.2
122.2.1Protect and enhance habitat for palmate-bracted bird's beak on City of Woodland propertyongoingUSFWS / localTBD" "
122.2.2Protect, restore, and enhance habitat for palmate-bracted bird's beak at Sprintown Alkali SinkongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
122.2.24Protect habitat for Doyen's dune weevil in Caltrans ROW, conduct survey to determine land ownershipongoingCaltrans0.750.250.250.25Depends partly on 1.2.2, 4.47
123.1Establish a program and protocol for general and directed surveys for featured species1 yearUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM11
124.11Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for multiple animal and one plant species in the LokernongoingUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM / CDWR / CEC / private92.57.51.61.7Relates to program establishment and protocol development only
124.16Conduct multiple research tasks on San Joaquin kit fox in Metropolitan BakersfieldongoingUSFWS / CDFG / countyTBDResearch for 5-year minimum; monitoring ongoing
124.26Conduct multiple research task on the kit fox and census and demography data on the Buena Vista Lake shrew in southern Tulare and northern Kern counties5 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / BOR5.21111.1
124.3Conduct multiple habitat related research tasks at Lemoore NAS for Fresno kangaroo rat6-10 yearsUSN / USFWS / USBLM8.851.351.351.351.6
124.34Conduct multiple research tasks in the Kerman and Alkali Sink ERs for multiple plant and animal speciesongoingUSFWS / CDFG1.250.250.250.250.25USBLM assistance with prescribed burning
124.48Research hydrology at Springtown Alkali Sink3 yearsUSFWS / local / private0.50.30.10.1Monitoring ongoing; research 5 years
124.81Census, monitor, and bank seeds of diamond-petaled California poppy at Lawrence Livermore LabongoingDOE / USFWS / CDFG0.30.150.15Study ongoing

Priority 1 Tier 3

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
132.1.3Protect, restore, and enhance upland and wetland communities on Kern Fan Element for Bakersfield smallscale, and other species, and consider habitat enhancement and introduction of Buena Vista Lake shrew5 yearsUSFWS / BOR / KWBA / KCWA / private51111Monitoring ongoing
132.1.5Protect natural lands in western Madera Co.TBDUSFWS / BOR / CDFG / privateTBDIn conjunction with development of water-banking facilities; depends partly on 1.2.2
132.1.10Protect natural land in Kettleman HillsongoingUSFWSUSBLM / CDFG / CDPR / BORTBDPrivately owned grazing land; depends partly on 1.2.2
132.2.22Protect natural land and establish speciality reserve for Bakersfield cactus at Mettler-Wheeler Ridge areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / CDWR / localTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
133.2.1Conduct surveys for target plant species in the Comanche-Tejon Hills3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.450.150.150.15Partly depends on 1.2.2
133.2.2Conduct surveys for target plant species in the Caliente-Bena Hills3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.450.150.150.15
133.2.4Conduct surveys for target plant species in southern Valley alkali sinks in summer-fall3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.450.150.150.15
133.2.5Complete surveys for target plant species in Valley alkali sinks north of Kern Co. in summer-fall3 yearsUSFWS0.50.20.20.1
133.2.7Conduct surveys for target plant species at Elk HillsongoingOccidental0.450.150.150.15
133.2.8Conduct surveys for target plant species on the west side of the southern Valley3 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG0.60.20.20.2Complete DOE requirement
133.2.12Conduct surveys in historic locations for the diamond-petaled California poppy3 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG0.60.20.20.2
133.2.15Conduct surveys for Merced monardella in suitable habitat within historic range3 yearsUSFWS / COE / CDFG0.450.150.150.15
133.2.26Conduct surveys for riparian species in San Joaquin and Stanislaus Counties3 yearsFWS / COE / CDFG0.60.20.20.2
133.2.30Conduct surveys for Buena Vista Lake shrew in southern Valley wetlands (includes target plant species)3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / BOR / KWBA0.60.20.20.2
134.19Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for multiple species in the Sand Ridge and Bena-Caliente areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / COE / TNC51111
134.27Conduct multiple research tasks for Doyen's dune weevil in the Kettleman Hills5 yearsUSFWS / Caltrans10.10.20.30.3Monitoring ongoing; research 5 years
137.6Propagate diamond-petaled California poppy in greenhouses and reintroduce to appropriate habitat as necessaryTBDUSFWS / CDFG0.80.30.30.2
137.7Propagate Merced monardella in greenhouses and reintroduce to appropriate habitat as necessaryTBDUSFWS / CDFG0.5Depends on finding seed sources

Priority 1 Tier 4

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
142.2.4Protect, restore, and enhance habitats for riparian brush rabbit and riparian woodrat on San Joaquin River NWR10 yearsUSFWS / COE / local82.5111Depends on finding extant population
142.2.5Protect, restore and manage riparian and upland habitat along the San Joaquin River in Merced Co.15 yearsUSFWS / COE / BOR / CDFG / CDPR / local100.5221
142.2.7Protect natural land north of the Tulare Lake Bed for Fresno kangaroo rats and other species in Kings Co.TBDUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBD
142.2.14Develop specialty reserve for Bakersfield cactus in Kern Bluffs areaTBDUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDPrivate grazing land

Priority 1 Tier 5

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
152.2.18Protect natural land in Bena Hills-Caliente Hills and develop speciality reserves for multiple plant speciesongoingUSFWS / privateTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
152.2.20Protect natural land in Comanche-Tejon hills and develop speciality reserves for multiple plant speciesongoingUSFWS / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
153.2.18Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates on the northern Valley floor3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.80.50.20.1Depends on 1.2.2
154.12Conduct pesticide related research for multiple species in the Lokern5 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM / CDFA / CEPA12.52.52.52.52.5
154.13Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for oil neststraw and Hoover's woolly-star in the Elk Hills-Buena Vista Valley areaongoingUSFWS / COE / private7.4551.5151.4851.4851.485
154.59Census, monitor and bank seeds of any populations of Bakersfield smallscaleTBDUSFWS / CDFG / CDWR / local / privateTBDMonitoring ongoing; prevent disturbance; research 5 years
154.61Census, monitor and bank seeds of any populations of diamond-petaled California poppyTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
154.62Census, monitor and bank seeds of any populations of lesser saltscaleTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
154.63Census, monitor and bank seeds of any populations of Merced monardellaTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
154.67Census, monitor and bank seeds of any populations of Vasek's clarkiaTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
157.8.1Reintroduce riparian brush rabbit in conjunction with captive propagationTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
157.8.2Reintroduce riparian woodratTBDUSFWSCDFGTBD
157.8.3Reintroduce Buena Vista Lake shrewTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD

Priority 2 Tier 1

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
211.1Develop regional cooperative program that coordinates land use planning and biodiversity conservationongoingUSFWS / CDFG / BOR / USBLM / othersTBD0.50.40.30.3
211.2.1Develop and implement an outreach planongoingUSFWS / othersTBD
211.2.2Develop economic incentives for conserving listed species and natural communities on private landsTBDUSFWS / CDFG / privateTBD1111Depends on legislation
211.2.6Coordinate retirement of farmlands with drainage problems with recovery needs of featured speciesTBDBOR / USFWS / CDWRTBD
212.1.6Protect natural lands in northcentral Fresno Co.ongoingUSFWS / BORTBDDepends on 1.2.2
212.1.19Protect and maintain compatible land uses in the northwestern portion of the kit fox rangeongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDPartly depends on 1.2.2
212.2.8Develop specialty reserve for Bakersfield cactus in Granite Station areaTBDUSFWS / privateTBD0.9750.20.525Depends on 1.2.2
214.1Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for California jewelflower in Santa Barbara CanyonongoingUSFS / USFWS / USBLM / CDFG1.72.751.451.252.45Monitoring ongoing
214.3Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for multiple plant species on the Carrizo PlainongoingUSFWS / CDFG / BLM / TNCTBD1.51.51.51.5Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
214.4Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for multiple animal species on the Carrizo PlainongoingUSBLM / USFWS / CDFG / TNCTBD1.751.51.51.7Monitoring ongoing; research for 5 years
214.5Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for the kit fox on the Carrizo PlainongoingUSBLM / USFWS / CDFG / TNC9.81.81.61.71.8Monitoring ongoing; research 5-6 years
214.57Determine interactions and effects on kit foxes of red foxes, coyotes, and feral dogs, and implement control methods as needed5 yearsUSFWS / CDFG8.7
215.3.9Maintain and enhance habitat for San Joaquin kit fox in Salinas River-Pajaro River watershedsongoingUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2

Priority 2 Tier 2

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
221.2.3Encourage and assist local entities in developing and implementing large-area HCPsongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / private / USBLMTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
221.2.4Encourage and assist in development and implementation of mitigation banksongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / private / USBLMTBD
221.2.5Encourage and assist land owners and private interest groups in developing safe-harbor programsongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
222.1.2Protect San Joaquin kit fox habitat on Camp Roberts and Fort Hunter LiggettongoingDOD / CANG / USFWSTBD
223.2.3Conduct surveys for target plant species at Rancheria Gulch / Adobe Canyon2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.350.20.15
223.2.4Conduct surveys for target plant species in southern Valley alkali sinks in spring2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.40.20.2
223.2.5Conduct surveys for target plant species in Valley alkali sinks north of Kern County in spring2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.40.20.2
223.2.6Conduct surveys for target plant species in alkali sinks in the Sacramento Valley2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.40.20.2
223.2.9Conduct surveys for California jewelflower at Cottonwood Pass2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.20.10.1
223.2.10Conduct surveys for Temblor buckwheat in historic locations outside of Elk Hills2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.450.250.2
223.2.11Conduct surveys for Tejon poppy in the Salt Creek area2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.20.10.1
223.2.13Conduct surveys for Munz's tidy-tips in historic locations in San Luis Obispo Co.2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.20.10.1
223.2.14Conduct surveys for Jared's peppergrass in historic locations2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.40.20.2
223.2.16Conduct surveys for Merced phacelia in historic locations2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.20.10.1
224.24Conduct systematics and genetics research on Kern mallow2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.70.40.3
224.36Conduct genetics research on palmate-bracted bird's-beak populations in Woodland and W. Madera Co.2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.60.40.2
224.45Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for the kit fox at Camp RobertsongoingDOD / CANG / USFWSTBD1111Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
224.46Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for the kit fox at Fort Hunter LiggettongoingDOD / USFWSTBD1111Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
225.1.7Enhance natural values of Chowchilla Bypass easement properties as a linkage for listed speciesongoingUSFWS / COE / BORTBD0.20.1Graze outer banks of levees; should generate revenue

Priority 2 Tier 3

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
232.1.9Protect and enhance natural lands in Sandy Mush Road and S. Grasslands areas, Merced Co.ongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.9Protect natural land for multiple plant species in the Devil's Den areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.10Protect natural land for multiple plant species in the Lost Hills-Buena Vista Slough areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.11Protect natural land for Hoover's woolly-star and lesser saltscale in Jerry Slough / Hwy 58 areaongoingUSFWS / CDFGTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.12Protect natural land for Bakersfield cactus and other species in Greater Bakersfield, north of Kern RiverongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.13Protect natural land for Bakersfield cactus in Fairfax Road-Hwy 178-Hwy 184 areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.15Protect natural land for Bakersfield cactus in the Fuller Acres areaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
232.2.16Protect natural land and establish speciality reserve for Bakersfield cactus at Mouth of Kern CanyonongoingUSFWS / CDFG / localTBD0.25Depends on 1.2.2; cost for fencing
232.2.17Protect natural land for Bakersfield cactus in the Cottonwood Creek areaongoingUSFWS / CDFGTBDDepends on 1.2.2
234.1Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for multiple plant species in the LokernongoingUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG / CDWR / CEC / privateTBD1.551.431.431.18Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
234.14Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for multiple animal species in the Elk Hills-Buena Vista Valley areaongoingUSFWS / DOE / Private7.51.51.51.51.5Research for 5 years minimum; monitoring ongoing
234.15Conduct multiple research and monitoring tasks for San Joaquin kit fox in the Elk Hills-Buena Vista Valley areaongoingDOE / USFWS / Private102222Monitoring ongoing; research for 5 years
234.56Research the effects of pesticide use and drift on Buena Vista Lake shrews5 yearsCDFA / CDFG / CEPA / USFWS1.50.30.30.30.3
235.1.1Restore habitat and habitat linkages for kit foxes on the Valley floor, western Fresno Co.TBDBOR / USFWS / BLM / privateTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
235.1.5Link Kettleman Hills with Guijarral and Coalinga Hills and Anticline Ridge by restoring and protecting habitat for upland speciesongoingUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG / private / localTBD111Depends partly on 1.2.2
235.3.8Protect grass and shrubland communities on southwestern Valley edge from McKittrick to Maricopa and eastward and northward to Kern River, east of BakersfieldongoingUSBLM / USFWS / CDFG / CDWR / othersTBDDepends on 1.2.2

Priority 2 Tier 4

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
243.2.21Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates in the Kettleman Hills3 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG0.70.30.20.2
243.2.32Conduct surveys for kit fox in the Salinas River and Pajaro River watersheds3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.90.30.30.3
244.9Conduct systematics and genetics research on Bakersfield smallscale at Kern Lake2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.60.40.2
244.17Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for multiple plant species in the Lost HillsongoingUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG20.40.40.40.4Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
244.2Conduct research on pesticide effects on pollinators of Bakersfield cactus 3 yearsUSFWS / CDFA / CDFG / CEPA / USBLM0.650.250.250.15
244.21Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for Bakersfield cactus at Wheeler Ridge and other locations in Kern Co.ongoingUSFWS / CDWR / CDFGTBD5.4253.7253.73.7Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
244.28Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for multiple plant species at Kettleman Hills and Devil's DenongoingUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBD1.5251.451.451.45Monitoring ongoing; research 5-6 years
244.31Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for multiple plant and animal species at the Kreyenhagen HillsongoingUSFWS / USBLM / private51111Monitoring ongoing; research 5 years
244.32Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for San Joaquin woolly-threads at Jacalitos HillsongoingUSFWS / USBLM / privateTBD0.2250.150.150.15Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
244.33Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for palmate-bracted bird's-beak and multiple animal species at Alkali Sink ERongoingUSFWS / CDFG102222
244.35Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for multiple plant and animal species in W. Madera Co.TBDUSFWS / BORTBD0.50.50.50.5Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
244.37Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for multiple plant and animal species in the Ciervo-Panoche area5 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG1.50.30.30.30.3
244.38Conduct censuses for kit fox and monitoring for multiple animal species in the Ciervo-Panoche areaongoingUSFWS / USBLM / CDFGTBD0.30.20.10.1Monitoring ongoing
244.42Census and monitor Lost Hills saltbush population at San Luis IslandongoingUSFWSTBD0.050.050.050.05Monitoring ongoing
244.44Census and monitor kit fox in the NE. and NW. Valley fringes and in the NW. portion of the rangeongoingUSFWS / CDFGTBD0.50.50.50.5Monitoring ongoing
244.47Conduct multiple research tasks for palmate-bracted bird's-beak at SpringtownongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBD3.31.81.81.8Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
244.49Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring for palmate-bracted bird's-beak at Woodland and Sacramento NWR complex ongoingUSFWS8.771.871.721.721.72Monitoring ongoing; research 5 years
244.5Conduct censuses and monitoring of lesser saltscale populations in Butte, Merced, and Kern countiesongoingUSFWSTBD0.20.150.150.15
244.52Conduct metapopulation genetics research on the San Joaquin kit fox2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.60.40.2
244.53Conduct population genetics research on the Buena Vista Lake shrew2 yearsUSFWS / private0.80.40.4
244.6Census and monitor any populations of Comanche Point layiaTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
244.64Census and monitor any populations of Merced phaceliaTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
244.65Census and monitor any populations of Munz's tidy-tipsTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
244.66Census and monitor any populations of Tejon poppyTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
244.82Research the effects of selenium on Buena Vista Lake shrews5 yearsUSFWS / CDF / CEPA1.50.30.30.30.3
245.1.2Establish linkage along Garces Hwy Corridor for multiple animal species TBDUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2 and 1.2.6
245.1.8Establish linkage between northwestern and northeastern Valley edges through the Sandy Mush Road area TBDUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
245.3.2Protect San Joaquin kit fox habitat in northwestern San Joaquin Valley edgeongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
245.3.3Protect grassland and oak savanna on east and southeastern edge of Valley for several listed speciesongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
245.3.4Protect grass and shrubland communities on western Valley edge, Santa Nella to Panoche Creek TBDUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
245.3.5Protect grass and shrubland communities on western Valley edge, Panoche Creek to Ciervo WashTBDUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBDDepends on 1.2.2
245.3.6Protect grass and shrubland communities on western Valley edge, Ciervo Wash to CoalingaTBDUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM / localTBDDepends on 1.2.2
245.3.7Protect grass and shrubland communities on western Valley edge, Coalinga to McKittrickTBDUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM / localTBDDepends on 1.2.2
247.3Reintroduce Comanche Point layia in appropriate habitat as necessaryTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD
247.4Propagate California jewelflower in greenhouses and reintroduce to appropriate habitat as necessaryTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD0.30.25Propagation costs
247.5Propagate Vasek's clarkia in greenhouses and reintroduce to appropriate habitat as necessaryTBDUSFWS / CDFGTBD0.30.25Propagation costs

Priority 2 Tier 5

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
254.18Conduct multiple research tasks and monitoring on Bakersfield cactus at Kern Bluffs and other locations in Kern Co.ongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBD4.83.8253.63.6Monitoring ongoing; research 5-10 years
254.69Study effects of beet leafhopper control on beetle species3 yearsCDFA / CDFG / CEPA10.40.30.3

Priority 3 Tier 1

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
312.1.13Protect natural lands and traditional rangeland uses in the Upper Cuyama ValleyongoingUSFS / USBLM / USFWSTBDDepends on 1.2.2
312.1.16Protect and properly manage listed species habitat at Bitter Creek NWRongoingUSFWSTBD
312.1.18Protect and properly manage listed species habitat at Mendota WAongoingCDFGTBD
314.8Refine metapopulation viability analysis for the kit fox3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.90.30.30.3Requires census and demography data not yet available
315.1.9Establish and enhance linkage between Kern NWR and Sierran foothills through the Poso Creek area ongoingUSFWS / COE / USBLM / local / privateTBD
318.1Conduct status review of lesser saltscale1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.2Conduct status review of Bakersfield smallscale1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.4Conduct status review of Vasek's clarkia1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.7Conduct status review of diamond-petaled California poppy1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.8Conduct status review of Comanche Point layia1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.11Conduct status review of Merced monardella1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.13Conduct status review of oil neststraw1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.16Conduct status review of Doyen's dune weevil1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.17Conduct status review of San Joaquin antelope squirrel1 yearUSFWS / CDFG0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.18Conduct status review of short-nosed kangaroo rat1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
318.2Conduct status review of Buena Vista Lake shrew1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses

Priority 3 Tier 2

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
323.2.17Conduct surveys for sand dune beetles in sand and sand dune communities of the northwestern Valley3 yearsUSFWS / USBLM0.750.250.250.25
323.2.19Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates on the southern Valley floor3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.90.30.30.3
323.2.20Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates on the central western Valley edge3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.60.20.20.2
323.2.22Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates on the southwestern Valley edge3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM / DOE0.90.30.30.3
323.2.23Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates on the southeast and southern Valley edge3 yearsFWS / CDFG / BLM0.60.20.20.2
323.2.24Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates in the Cuyama Valley3 yearsUSFS / FWS / CDFG / BLM0.60.20.20.2
323.2.25Conduct surveys for upland vertebrates in the San Juan Creek watershed3 yearsUSFWS / USDA / USBLM0.90.30.30.3Includes USDA easement lands
323.2.27Conduct surveys for kit fox in the northwestern portion of range and northwestern Valley edge3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.90.30.30.3
323.2.28Conduct surveys for kit fox on the northeastern Valley edge3 yearsUSFWS / BOR / CDFG0.90.30.30.3
323.2.29Conduct surveys for kit fox in the Ciervo-Panoche Natural Area3 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG0.90.30.30.3Year 1 already accomplished
323.2.31Conduct surveys for kit fox on the southeastern Valley edge 3 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / BOR10.40.30.3
324.2Conduct censuses for short-nosed kangaroo rats and monitor populations of multiple animal species in the Cuyama ValleyongoingUSFWS / USBLM / USFS / private0.30.10.10.1Census for 3 years; monitoring ongoing
324.6Conduct research on mating and social systems of the giant kangaroo rat at the Carrizo Plain2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLM0.60.30.3
324.22Monitor populations of multiple plant and animal species at Wheeler Ridge and Comanche PointongoingUSFWS / CDFG / CDWRTBD0.10.10.10.1
324.29Monitor populations of multiple animal species at the Kettleman HillsongoingUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG / CDWRTBD0.10.10.10.1
324.39Conduct systematics research on Lost Hills saltbush2 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG0.50.250.25
324.4Conduct systematics research on Merced phacelia2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / COE0.50.250.25
324.41Conduct systematics research on Temblor buckwheat2 yearsUSFWS / USBLM / CDFG0.50.250.25
324.51Conduct metapopulations genetics research on the blunt-nosed leopard lizard2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.80.40.4
324.58Conduct research on the direct and indirect effects of rodenticides on kit fox5 yearsCDFA / CEPA / USFWS / CDFG102222
324.68Study the effects of salinity on the structure of Bakersfield smallscale2 yearsUSFWS / CDFG0.40.20.2
324.71Conduct matrix projection modeling for California jewelflower1 yearUSFWS0.150.15
324.72Conduct matrix projection modeling for palmate-bracted bird's-beak1 yearUSFWS0.150.15
324.73Conduct matrix projection modeling for Kern mallow1 yearUSFWS0.150.15
324.74Conduct matrix projection modeling for San Joaquin woolly-threads1 yearUSFWS0.150.15
324.75Conduct matrix projection modeling for Bakersfield cactus1 yearUSFWS0.150.15
324.76Conduct a single-metapopulation viability analysis on the giant kangaroo rat1 yearUSFWS / DOE / USBLM / CDFG0.30.3
324.77Conduct a single-metapopulation viability analysis on the Fresno kangaroo rat1 yearUSFWS / CDFG / USN0.30.3
324.78Conduct a single-metapopulation viability analysis on the Tipton kangaroo rat1 yearUSFWS / CDFG0.20.2Assumes analyses of Tipton and Fresno subspecies done together
324.79Conduct a single-metapopulation viability analysis on the blunt-nosed leopard lizard1 yearUSFWS / CDFG0.30.3
325.1.6Enhance and manage Kern River alluvial fan area to ensure use and movement by kit foxes and Tipton kangaroo ratsongoingUSFWS / CDFG / KWBA / KCWA / localTBD2.52.510.25
325.3.10Maintain and enhance habitat linkages for upland species between CPNA and Cuyama ValleyongoingUSBLM / USFWS / CDFGTBD0.10.10.10.1
325.3.11Maintain habitat linkage for upland species in the Estrella River watershedongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2
325.3.12Maintain and enhance habitat linkages for upland species in the San Juan Creek watershed, San Luis Obispo Co.ongoingUSFWS / USDA / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2

Priority 3 Tier 3

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
332.1.8Protect Federal wildlife refuges and waterfowl easement properties, State wildlife areas and State park land, NW. Merced Co.ongoingUSFWSTBD
332.1.11Protect natural land in Kern NWR-Semitropic Ridge Natural AreaongoingUSFWS / CDFG / CEC / TNC / privateTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2 and 1.2.6
334.7Publish scientific name and description of Doyen's dune weevilTBDprivate0.250.25Costs (page) of scientific publication
335.1.3Protect and restore habitat and habitat linkages along Hwy 43 Corridor for Tipton kangaroo rat, blunt-nosed leopard lizard, San Joaquin kit fox, and other speciesongoingUSFWS / CDFG / localTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2 and 1.2.6
335.1.4Protect and restore habitat and habitat linkages for San Joaquin kit foxes between Lost Hills and Semitropic RidgeongoingUSFWS / CDFG / localTBDDepends partly on 1.2.2 and 1.2.6
337.1Reintroduce Doyen's dune weevil to appropriate habitat if necessary5 yearsUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBD0.30.150.150.15Monitor reintroduction for at least 5 years

Priority 3 Tier 4

Priority NumberPriority Tier Task NumberTask DescriptionTask Duration Responsible PartiesCost Estimate (in $100,000 units) Comments / Notes
Total CostsFY01FY02FY03FY04
344.23Conduct systematics and genetics research at all inhabited sites of Bakersfield cactus2 yearsUSFWS0.650.350.3
345.2Reintroduce featured species to restored habitat within linkagesTBDUSFWS / CDFG / USBLMTBD
345.3.1Protect San Joaquin kit fox habitat in northeastern San Joaquin Valley edgeongoingUSFWS / CDFG / local / privateTBDDepends on 1.2.2
346Revise or develop new management plans for protected areas TBDTBDTBD
348.3Conduct status review of Lost Hills saltbush1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.5Conduct status review of Temblor buckwheat1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.6Conduct status review of Tejon poppy1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.9Conduct status review of Munz's tidy-tips1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.1Conduct status review of Jared's peppergrass1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.12Conduct status review of Merced phacelia1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.14Conduct status review of Ciervo aegialian scarab beetle1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.15Conduct status review of San Joaquin dune beetle1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.19Conduct status review of Tulare grasshopper mouse1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses
348.21Conduct status review of San Joaquin LeConte's thrasher1 yearUSFWS0.10.1Depends on surveys and censuses

Zuni drawing of a lizard

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